Roof and Insulation Inspection 101: What To Look for This Fall

Your roof and insulation are your home’s first line of defense against severe weather, extreme temperatures, pests, and other environmental threats.

A well-cared-for roof and proper insulation helps to create a barrier that protects your home from damage and regulates its indoor temperature and humidity. This means a more comfortable home for you, not to mention fewer expensive repairs!

Both your roof and your home’s insulation will undergo wear and tear over time and require regular maintenance to stay in top condition. Here are a few red flags to look for that your insulation or roof are in need of some attention:

Roof Surface Wear and Tear

Wear and tear of the different elements of your roof can be caused by severe weather, lack of regular maintenance, or simply age. Look for worn areas on the surface of your roof, including: 

  • Holes or cracks. Left untreated, holes or cracks in your roof can lead to leaks, water damage, and pest infestations.
  • Shingles that are cracked, curled, loose, or missing. One of the most obvious signs that your roof needs some attention, damaged shingles can expose your home to roof leaks and water damage.
  • Rust. Areas of rust on your roof or gutters should be addressed right away. Left untreated, rust can lead to more expensive repairs in the future.

Damaged Flashing

Often overlooked, flashing is the material used to seal around roof vents, chimneys, and skylights in your roof. It protects your home from water damage by diverting water away from those vulnerable areas. 

Over time, this material can deteriorate, causing leaks. Any rust or other damage should be taken care of immediately to avoid leaks and water damage. Pay attention to caulking around flashing as well. If it’s separated or cracked, it’s time for new caulking.

Accumulating Debris

Fallen leaves, tree branches, and other debris can accumulate on your roof over time. If it’s not removed, it will eventually cause damage to your roof, including mold, holes, and leaks. Do your best to keep your roof debris-free by regularly removing debris before it can accumulate.

In addition, to help prevent damage to your roof from tree branches, leaves, acorns, and other debris, have trees near your roof trimmed regularly, especially if they have overhanging branches.

Clogged or Detached Gutters and Downspouts

As you’re inspecting your roof for maintenance needs, don’t forget about your gutters and downspouts. If they are clogged with debris, now is the time to clean them out. Clogs can lead to ice dams in winter that can wreak havoc on your roof, blocking drainage and leading to damage to your shingles. 

Also, make sure gutters are properly attached to your roof. If any sections are beginning to detach, they should be reattached right away to prevent additional problems.

Interior Water Damage

Interior water damage can be an indication of an issue with your roof, your insulation, or both. Water damage can be caused by roof leaks or by burst pipes due to insufficient insulation in the winter. And once water hits your insulation, it will begin to degrade.

Humid air, rotting wood, mold, rusted nails, water stains, and condensation or other obvious moisture in your attic are all indicators that your roof or insulation may need repair or replacement.

Evidence of Pests

If you notice evidence of pests in your attic (such as droppings, gnawed wires, or shredded paper nests), it’s likely they’ve made a home there. Mice, squirrels, and even raccoons can make their way into your home through gaps in the soffit, or through holes or cracks in your roofing. When they nest in your attic, they can eat through wires and damage your ductwork and insulation.

A pest control company can help you remove these unwanted house guests and determine where they are getting in so you can have those access points sealed up.

Drafts and/or High Energy Bills

If your home feels drafty even when all of your windows and doors are tightly closed, that might be an indication that your insulation needs replacement. Additionally, energy bills that are higher than usual (without changes in your usage) could indicate either an issue with your HVAC system or a need for additional insulation.

Schedule Your Roof and Insulation Inspection With Hoyt

If you notice any of these signs, it’s time for a roof and insulation inspection. To keep your roof in top condition, it’s important to have your roof inspected at least once a year and any problems taken care of right away.

Fall is a great time to schedule your roof and insulation inspection and have necessary repairs done so you’re all set for the winter to come. Contact the pros at Hoyt for your roof inspection and repair needs today!

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